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FAQs

pricing
1. How much do you charge?
If you already have a fixed budget for your project, CONTACT ME to discuss about it.
Otherwise, if you need an estimate, the final price of a commissioned illustration / pattern design will consists of two factors:

- Production cost, based on estimate time to complete the project. This also includes time for doing some changes after your revisions, since revisions are a necessary (and useful!) part of the creative process. I apply the same daily / hourly rate for every client.

- The usage of the illustration, a.k.a licensing. 
Keeping it simple: licensing fee is proportional to the usage of an illustration and represents its added value in a precise context. The wider the usage, the higher the fee.

Production and licensing are independent and separated fees. A project may take a long time to complete for a limited final usage. For example, 50 illustrations for a local brochure about a one-day event. On the contrary, another project could take only two days of production for a wide usage : think about 1 small illustration for food packaging sold in supermarkets across an entire country during 5 years.
2. How can I request a quote for my project?
Go to the CONTACT PAGE and tell me more about your project, including as many details as you can. The questions below are a good starting point. That will help me provide a quicker estimate!

- How many illustrations do you need? At which size and format?
- Do you have already a budget and a deadline in mind?
- Which is the destination of the illustrations? (magazine, book, website, advertising)
- Will you print the illustration on products (for example t-shirts, fabrics,  homewares…)? Do you know the retail price of those products? 
- For how long do you need to use the illustration? (in months or years) 

You will receive a first quote mentioning production fees and licensing fees.
3. Do you work “for hire”?
No, I'm sorry! Working “for hire” include losing the Copyright on my work and transferring it to the client. The client becomes legally the author of the work.
licensing
1. What does “licensing” means?
When you pay for an illustration, a photo, or a pattern or every other creation from an artist or designer, you usually don't buy it forever. Licensing means, in simple words, renting a commissioned (or pre-existing) illustration or pattern design for a specific purpose, for a specific period of time and following specific geographical limits. The legalese words for this are "be granted of rights" to do something with the image. Licensing price is strictly related to this rights: what you do with the illustration, for how long, and in which countries.
2. How can I license an illustration or a pattern design?
If you see an illustration / pattern of mine that you would like to use, please CONTACT ME with some details about your project. If you want to sell products with my illustration / pattern on it, licensing can take the form of royalties (percentage on each item sold) or a flat fee. Licensing details will be written in a contract, the Licensing Agreement. If your company doesn't have a standard Licensing Agreement, I can provide you one.
You can also commission me to create a new work: in this case, the final price will include the production cost plus licensing (see Pricing 1. section).
3. I'd like to use your illustrations without restrictions. How can I do?
No problem, this is possible! You can choose to use an image without any limitations of time, geographical extension or type of support: that's called “a buyout”. The licensing fee, in this case, will be much higher than a standard, limited licensing.

Please note that a buyout is not a Copyright transfer. I retain the right to be recognised as the author of the illustration, and I may use the image for self-promotion, for example on my portfolio.

how & where
1. How do I know that your style will be the right fit for me?
I invite you to take a look at MY PORTFOLIO. Does it have the vibe, the style you are looking for? If you see an illustration with a particular graphic style, a particular subject or a color palette that you especially like, please let me know when reaching out. 
2. How long does it take to complete a project?
It really depends on the number and complexity of illustrations, and on my current schedule.

I always do my best to meet your deadlines, even if they are a bit tight! But remember also that the sooner you send feedbacks at every stage of the project, the quicker I can go on to the final illustrations.
3. My business is based outside Europe. Can we still work together?
Yes, absolutely! We can schedule meetings on Skype, communicate by emails, send files with WeTransfer, share entire folders on Google Drive. 
I work in France, so prices and fees are calculated in Euro (€).
technical information
1. What type of media do you use?
I usually do sketches on paper, because I find it more spontaneous and suitable for brainstorming on multiple ideas. After refining and cleaning sketches, the rest of my workflow (retouch, color) is almost fully digital, done in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator.
2. Which types of graphic files will you provide?
Depending on the media (print on paper, print on textile or objects, website, app) and following your specifications, I can easily provide both raster images (tiff, jpg, png...)  and vector images (eps, svg, pdf): these details will be specified in my quote and/or in our Licensing Agreement.
3. Is it possible to get also your source files (psd, ai), with layers?
Source or “native” layered files are working tools to create my illustrations, and for this reason, I don’t usually deliver them to clients. Of course, there can be exceptions depending on the type of project (animation, patterns for textile...).
what else?
1. Do you take personal commissions?
Yes! I can work on your wedding stationery (SEE AN EXAMPLE), draw a family portrait or an illustration for a newborn.
2. Do you animate your own illustrations?
Unfortunately not, but I have a network of freelance motion designers available here in Paris, with whom I can collaborate.  CONTACT ME if you have an animation project in mind. 
Still some doubt?
If something is unclear or you want to discuss a particular project,
don't hesitate to contact me.